Varicose veins are distended twisted ropy veins, most often found on legs. The word “varicose” originated from a Latin root “varix” for twisted. They are veins belonging to the superficial venous network that no longer function properly due to failure of their internal valves. Thus, the blood flow in these veins are much slower than normal, resulting in stagnation and back-pressure, causing problems in surrounding tissues. Varicose veins are not necessarily painful but they may cause problems such as leg heaviness, pain, cramps, swelling, skin discoloration with or without itching, and skin ulcers.
What Can Be Done To Treat Varicose Veins
Sclerotherapy For Veins
Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment used to treat varicose. The procedure involves the injection of a solution directly into the affected veins, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear. Newer variation on the technique is to create a foam using sclerosant solution and either CO2 gas or air, and to inject this foam. Foam sclerotherapy is more effective and uses less sclerosant solution. Learn more about Sclerotherapy here.