In summer months, is the season that we tend to show more skin than the others. Naturally, we all want that healthy, glowing and blemish free complexion. But, if you are like most of us then you might be finding yourself breaking out more often in summers than in the rest of the months. So this guide is all about understanding summer acne and also ways of preventing it.
Everyone in their lifetime will get redness and pimples. Often these are not related to any chronic medical condition; however, sometimes it turns out to be acne or rosacea. They are two of the most common skin disorders. They share in common the presence of pimples and redness. Differentiating the two is important as there are differences in both prognosis and treatment of the two conditions. Fortunately, their differences are numerous and pronounced making differentiation between the two conditions possible.
Patients with acne tend to have oily skin. Comedones (“blackheads and whiteheads”) are common. In more severe cases, patients develop cysts and nodules that may heal leaving scars. Lesions are frequently seen on the chest, back, and upper arms as well as the face. The patients are generally younger than those with rosacea — most commonly adolescents.
Rosacea typically begins after the age of 30 years and peaks between 40 and 50 years of age. Lesions are usually limited to the central face, although lesions of the back, chest, and scalp may rarely be noted. Comedones are absent and scarring is rarely seen. Rosacea is commonly associated with flushing and blushing.
Rosacea Vs. Acne
Redness & Pimples: What’s the Difference?
However, the two conditions do share a common ground when it comes to treatment. Depending on the severity and extent of symptoms, both may be treated with topical creams, medication, BBL, and lasers.
More effective in treating acne than rosacea. Proper diagnosis is important as medications such as Retinol, while effective for treatment of acne could potentially exacerbate rosacea.
Oral antibiotics are also commonly prescribed to patients with both moderate rosacea and acne. They help to reduce inflammation and pimples.
Short-term topical cortisone (steroid) preparations of minimal strength may in occasional cases also be used to reduce local inflammation.
Laser and BBL
Many patients are now turning to laser and BBL to treat the continual redness and noticeable blood vessels on the face, neck, and chest. Often considered a safe alternative, laser and BBL therapy visibly improve both acne and rosacea by killing acne-causing bacteria, shrinking pore size, decreasing skin oiliness, and removing the redness-causing excessive capillary vessels.
1. Sunblock is your best friend.
Never leave home without applying sunblock that is SPF 30 (or higher). Use sunblock that is oil-free, and water resistant. It will protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays without adding grease to acne sufferer’s already oily skin.
2. Moisturize it right
Acne prone skin still needs moisture to keep healthy, but not the additional oil, so use a moisturizer that is oil-free with mattifying ingredients.
3. Don’t over wash
Wash your face only twice a day. Over washing your face will tell your face to produce more oil, making it more greasy and more prone to breakouts.
4. Have handy towelettes
Chances are you are going to sweat in the summer heat, so bring wipes or towelettes to freshen up your face.
5. Cleanse with Salicylic acid.
When you are cleansing your face, use face washes with salicylic acid. Salicylic acid will have an anti-inflammatory effect and dissolve some of the oily debris that is blocking your pores, treating pimples and preventing future breakouts.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is caused by overactive oil glands in the skin and an accumulation of oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, which leads to inflammation in pores.
Mild acne that involves blackheads and whiteheads forms because sebum, along with old skin cells, block the pores of the skin. Comedonal acne appears most often on the forehead, nose, and chin.
Inflammatory Acne occurs when the tissue just under the blackhead or whitehead becomes reddened and inflamed.
Cystic Acne is the most severe form of acne that develops as the result of an infection in the affected oil glands progressing to form pus-filled cysts in the area of the outbreak. It’s often very painful and can result in disfiguring, permanent scarring.
15 Tips To Prevent Acne Breakouts:
1. Choose Acne-Friendly Makeup
Look for products that say “non-comedogenic” on the label. This means that the product is specifically designed not to clog your pores. Clogged pores are one of the leading causes of breakouts.
2. Change Your Pillow Case Weekly
Changing your pillow case regularly is a proven method for preventing breakouts. All of the sweat, dirt and makeup from your face is seeping into your pillow every night so washing your pillow cases will give your face the fresh rest it needs at the end of the day.
Most acne products contain ingredients that dry out the skin. Moisturizing alongside with using acne treatment products such as Retinol is critical to restoring the skin’s balance and soothing the dryness or flakiness that can result from the use of topical medications.
4. Review Your Shampoo
Shampoos and conditioners with a lot fragrance and chemicals can irritate skin and cause breakouts on your forehead, jaw, neck and back. Look for fragrance-free products or all-natural products and always make sure you rinse the shampoo out of your hair completely before washing your face in the shower.
5. Stop Touching Your Face
Keeping your hands and fingers off your face will keep it clean and healthy and help eliminate future breakouts.
6. Check Your Laundry Detergent
If you’re experiencing more breakouts than normal it could have something to do with the ingredients in your detergent. Many soaps contain harsh chemicals and fragrances that can irritate skin, especially when you use towels to dry your face. Try switching to a non-fragrant detergent or one with more natural ingredients and see if your breakouts start to fade.
7. Go Easy on the Makeup
Lightening up on the makeup will almost certainly help control your breakouts. Not only are some ingredients in makeup products bad for your skin but applying makeup means touching your face, which can lead to a breakout.
8. Stay Out of the Sun
A little bit of sun has been known to reduce breakouts but too much can cause damage to your skin and prompt a breakout. Be sure to load up on sunscreen and moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated and protected from the sun, resulting in fewer breakouts this summer.
Exercising daily will increase the blood flow through the body which will keep your skin looking healthy and radiant. Plus, when you work out, you drink more water and drinking more water will definitely help prevent acne breakouts.
10. Reduce Stress
Staying calm and happy has actually been proven to help control breakouts. Acne often appears when someone becomes stressed or worried, and tends to spread faster in these circumstances as well. The best thing to do is to keep calm and try not to sweat the small stuff. In doing so, you’ll feel and look better.
11. Eat Healthy
Maintaining a healthy diet can go a long way in preventing breakouts. You may not know it but you might have a sensitivity to some foods which can spark acne problems. Reducing the amount of unhealthy foods you eat, like greasy burgers, French fries, chips and soda may help eliminate your breakouts.
12. Quit Smoking and Avoid Excess Alcohol
Smoking and alcohol dehydrate the skin, making it much more prone to breaking out. Eliminating these habits from your daily routine will improve your skin and general health.
13. Drink More Water
Drinking water hydrates your skin and helps eliminate toxins from your body – some of which may have been the cause of your earlier breakouts. Consuming at least 8 glasses of water a day will help you keep your skin looking radiant and glowing.
14. Clean Your Phone
Cell phones are one of the newest causes of acne breakouts because all of the dirt from your phone seeps into your face every time you press your phone to your head. Your makeup rubs off onto the phone and is then transferred back onto your face the next time you use it. To prevent breakouts, clean the part of your phone that touches your face regularly to avoid that source of contamination.
15. Sleep on Your Back
Sleeping on your back will decrease the contact between your face and the fabrics on your pillow, your fingers, and hands. Keeping your face from being touched by anything during the night will help you keep it clean and free from breakouts.